Hernia surgery refers to the surgical treatment of hernia, a condition where internal organs or tissues bulge through the body wall. Hernia can occur in several places in the body, such as diaphragm, groin, and brain, and is most common in the abdomen.
If a person is suffering severe pain or facing problems from hernia, then the doctor will recommend him/her with hernia surgery. It is equally true that, if the hernia is not at all causing problems, then the person may not require the surgery. Nevertheless, these hernias most habitually do not go off just like that, and they might grow in a matter of time.
Preparations need to be done before the surgery where you will tell the doctor about your current medications and medical conditions, if any. You will be required to tell the doctor if you are pregnant. There are two types of hernia surgery that is performed depending on the size and location of the developed hernia.
Open Surgery: It is usually carried out by keeping the person on local anesthesia. Initially an incision is made to locate the hernia and take it apart from nearby tissues. Then, they will move the herniated tissue back into the abdomen. Many a times, the doctor will place a mesh to reinforce the abdominal tissues and diminish the danger of another hernia. Once done, the incision is closed with stitches.
Laparoscopic Surgery: It is constructive when the hernia is petite and simple to access. This surgery leaves behind minor scars as compared to normal surgery, and healing time is quicker. The doctor uses a laparoscope (a tiny thin tube connected with a camera) and some other instruments to do what else would be done in open surgery.
A hernia surgery is a regular operation with little risks. Though 10% of hernias appear again after surgery. Some other possible complications are
- Breathing difficulty
- Anesthesia reactions
- Lack of sensation in some areas
- Blood vessels damage
- Nerves or nearby organs damage
These complications are more probable, if you are matured over the age of 50, smoke or have other medical conditions, like heart syndrome or breathing trouble.
Post Operative Care
After the operation is done, you will be moved into the healing room wherein you will be in proper care for minimum 1-2 hours. At any point of time when you are conscious, able to stroll, swallow liquids, go for urine etc, you will be asked to go home. Also, you will be motivated to be walk after the surgery.
When laparoscopic surgery is performed, then you will get back to your normal life within a week. Thus, you can call and plan your follow-up meeting within 2 weeks post surgery.
Complete recovery may take up to six weeks. It is advised to notify the doctor if you experience any severe or abnormal complications.