Gynecomastia is the inflammation of the breast tissue in men that is triggered by an imbalance of the hormones estrogen and testosterone. Gynecomastia can have an impact on one or both breasts, sometimes unequally. Newborns, boys going through puberty and older men might cultivate gynecomastia as an outcome of normal changes in hormone levels, though other causes also exist.

The symptoms of gynecomastia consist of swollen breast gland tissue and tenderness in the breast. The patient should visit a doctor when there is swelling, pain and nipple discharge in one or both the breasts.

Gynecomastia is caused by a decline in the amount of the hormone testosterone in comparison to estrogen. The cause of this drop can be conditioned that reduce testosterone or a condition that increases the estrogen level. Gynecomastia is also caused by genetic factors, excess use of steroids, hypothyroidism, and excessive fat.

A good candidate for this procedure is a man is not willing to remove his shirt in public, to swim to take part in sports, to exercise at the gym, people who want to develop their entire body proportions and for growing social confidence and self-esteem and those men who have good skin elasticity.A successful gynecomastia surgery consists of sufficient skin contraction after the additional skin is surgically removed. The patient ‘s skin may lack the required elasticity for good contraction if you are age fifty or older, have major sun damage and have breasts with a lot of stretch marks.

A gynecomastia surgery includes the following steps:

Liposuction technique

In instances where gynecomastia is principally the outcome of additional fatty tissue only liposuction as a technique may be used. This requires insertion of a cannula, a tiny hollow tube via numerous small incisions. The cannula is moved back and forth in an organized motion to loosen the excess fat, which is then taken out from the body by vacuum suction.

Excision technique

An excision technique is suggested when the breast tissue or excess skin must be removed to correct gynecomastia.

Treatment Complications

The treatment complications that are seen in gynecomastia are, post-operative bleeding, infection, disfiguring of the skin, permanent skin staining or changes in pigmentation, results that are not satisfactory, swelling under the tissue and blood clots in the venous system when the procedure is taking place that can lead to cardiac or pulmonary complications.

Post Operative Care

Straight away after the surgery the patient is expected to be bandaged and wearing a compression garment. The initial three postoperative days are precarious in the patient’s recovery. The patient must take full rest at home, but not essentially in bed, sitting and watching TV or having meals in the kitchen or living room is acceptable. The patient can move the waist and elbow, but they should restrain from the energetic shoulder movement for the some days initially. Cross arm movements are generally allowed, but the patient should not lift their arms vertically. When the anesthesia wears off, the patient might have some pain. If the pain is risky or long-lasting, the physician should be called.