Fibrosarcoma refers to the development of malignant tumors in fibrous tissues called fibrocytes, which are responsible for connecting muscles to the bone. This type of cancer usually found arms, legs and pelvis region and is considered one of the rare soft tissue cancer. The two main types of fibro sarcoma are primary fibro sarcoma and secondary fibrosarcoma.
Causes and symptoms
Although the main factors responsible are still unknown, research has found out rare genetic conditions inherited from parents have a higher risk of developing of fibrosarcoma. These include Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Gardner syndrome and retinoblastoma. Other risk factors include excessive radiation exposure at work or previous radiation treatment.
Symptoms of fibrosarcoma are progressive pain without noticing any signs, swelling, tenderness, a lump, breathlessness, nausea and vomiting.
The doctor examines the signs and symptoms and perform several tests that will help in diagnosis of fibrosarcoma. These tests are
- Blood test
- Core needle biopsy
- Surgical biopsy
- CT scan
Once it is determined that the patient is diagnosed with fibrosarcoma, a sarcoma specialist performs will be recommended for the treatment.
There are many things that decide which treatment is most suitable for the patient that includes age and gender of the patient, stage and location of the cancer, the results of the diagnostic tests and overall health condition of the patient. A team of well experienced doctors and hospital staff will make preparations for the treatment. Below are following treatment options.
Surgery: Surgery is often the most preferred treatment options where removal of the tumor is performed by a surgeon. It also involves removing some of the surrounding tissues and some parts of the bone as well, if the sarcoma is in the legs or arms, to make the area completely cancer-free.
Radiation therapy: This treatment is often given after the surgery, which ensures the elimination of cancer cells. It involves using high energy radiation waves targeted accurately at the affected area to shrink the tumor. It may also be given to those fibrosarcoma patients who are not suitable for surgical procedure due to the size and location of the tumor.
Chemotherapy: This therapy involves the use of drugs called cytotoxic that slows the growth of the cancer and eventually destroys it. It is often given with surgery and radiotherapy to provide better results. It is the only process that begins if recurrence occur.
Risks and complications
Every cancer treatment causes some side effects, which can be avoided by following doctor’s guidance. Below are a few complications that may arise from fibrosarcoma treatment:
Short term complications
- Cognitive changes
- Fatigue and weakness
- Alterations in body
- Hair loss
- Swallowing issues
- Nausea and vomiting
- Weight gain or loss
Long term complications
- Heart issues
- Lung problems
- Hearing loss
- Loss of a limb
Post operative care
After treatment for fibrosarcoma needs regular follow up check ups every 3 months after the surgery or any other treatment.
Several tests will be performed such as bone scan, CT scan, MRI, etc. to make sure metastasis aren’t occurring.
Recurrence is possible in areas such as the lungs, so look for signs and symptoms and if found, notify the doctor at once.
Your doctor will advise you on how to deal with the treatment side effects. If you experience some other issues, consult the doctor immediately.